Special needs or special education law has a singular and specific purpose. That purpose is to ensure that children with disabilities receive a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). This is accomplished through specific procedural requirements and substantive accommodations that the school must provide. The school’s failure to do so requires that parents, or guardians, voice opposition and concern to the school and school district.
The following procedural protections and accommodations apply to the following aspects of a child’s education:
- IDENTIFY as soon as practical a child with special needs,
- EVALUATE and put a plan, known as Individualized Education Program, (I.E.P.) in place to assist the child’s learning.
- ENSURE that the plan is implemented,
- ENSURE that the plan is reviewed from time to time and changed, if necessary.
- ENSURE that the school appropriately addresses a child’s behaviour.